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4 Types of Stablecoins Investors Should Know

Stablecoins, a type of digital token designed to maintain a fixed value, have gained popularity in the crypto world due to their stability and reduced volatility. While cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum experience dramatic day-to-day fluctuations, stablecoins are less susceptible to price swings.

In this article, we will discuss four main types of stablecoins and their characteristics, backed by the transcript and search results provided.

Fiat-Backed Stablecoins

The most utilized type of stablecoin is fiat-backed, such as Tether. In this model, an entity issues coins representative of an actual amount of currency they hold.

For example, 100 million coins backed by $100 million. Investors can use these coins to exchange with other blockchain-based assets or convert their cryptocurrency holdings into stablecoins, which can be redeemed for fiat currency.

Cryptocurrency-Backed Stablecoins

Cryptocurrency-backed stablecoins are issued with cryptocurrencies as collateral. The value of these stablecoins is pegged to the value of the backing cryptocurrency, which is held on the blockchain using smart contracts.

Examples include TrueUSD (TUSD), USD Tether (USDT), and USD Coin.

Commodity-Backed Stablecoins

Commodity-backed stablecoins are fixed to one or more commodities and are redeemable for such on demand.

The value of these stablecoins is based on the value of the backing commodity, which is held by a third-party regulated financial entity. Examples include gold-backed stablecoins.

Algorithmic Stablecoins

Algorithmic stablecoins rely on the value of another digital asset to maintain a fixed price. However, these coins have been subject to regulatory scrutiny due to their perceived risk to consumers and the financial system.

The failure of algorithmic stablecoins like TerraUSD in 2022, which wiped out $50 billion in total crypto valuation, has raised concerns among regulators.

Regulation of Stablecoins in the United States

Regulators in the United States have been debating the best way to regulate stablecoins within the financial system. The Clarity for Payment Stablecoins Act (H.R. 4766) proposes a regulatory framework for payment stablecoins, which would require issuers to hold at least one dollar of permitted reserves for every dollar worth of stablecoins outstanding.

The bill also limits acceptable reserves to coins and currency, insured funds held at banks and credit unions, short-dated Treasury bills and repurchase agreements backed by Treasury bills, or central bank reserve deposits.


Stablecoins provide a less volatile alternative to traditional cryptocurrencies and can be used for payments. However, their stability and regulation are subject to ongoing debate and scrutiny.

As the crypto landscape continues to evolve, understanding the different types of stablecoins and their regulatory frameworks is crucial for investors and policymakers alike.

How can stablecoins be regulated to ensure consumer protection and stability in the financial system?


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